Congressional apportionment is the process by which the united states house of representatives are redistricted the fifty states following each constitutionally mandated decennial census each state is guaranteed at least one seat and all the other seats are divided among the rest of the states based on their population.
Discover how gerrymandering makes the reapportionment and redistricting of congressional districts unfair with the wasted vote, excess vote, and stacked vote how states create congressional districts based on census data share following the decennial census, the state legislatures of the united states are told how many representatives. United states congressional apportionment is the process by which seats in the united states house of representatives are distributed among the 50 states according to the most recent constitutionally mandated decennial census.
Partisan gerrymandering, which refers to redistricting that favors one political party, has a long tradition in the united states that precedes the 1789 election of the first us congress in 1788, patrick henry and his anti-federalist allies were in control of the virginia house of delegates.
Gerrymandering in the united states has been practiced since the founding of the country to strengthen the power of particular political interests within legislative bodies partisan gerrymandering is commonly used to increase the power of a political party.
Subsequent cases further defined the counters of racial gerrymandering claims and how those claims relate to the voting rights act in united states v hays (1996),  the supreme court held that only those persons who reside in a challenged district may bring a racial gerrymandering claim  :623  :743–744 in miller v. Congressional apportionment menu about this topic data publications congressional seats are apportioned among the 50 states based on the latest decennial census population counts 2010 census: apportionment data (text version) 2010 2010 census apportionment for the nation and states 2010 census: apportionment data map 2010. Although illegal, gerrymandering is the process of modifying congressional districts to benefit the party in power a little history the term gerrymandering is derived from elbridge gerry (1744-1814), the governor of massachusetts from 1810 to 1812.
The standout in that state is the 3rd congressional district, which is the nation's second-most gerrymandered and home to democratic congressman john sarbanes 5 republicans drew congressional boundaries in six of the 10 most-gerrymandered states.