The first oregon trail emigrants to reach oregon followed in wake of earlier agriculturalists, retired hudson’s bay company employees who had settled out in the lush willamette valley. Disrupting the natives the soldiers started shooting at anyone that moved, including women and children they even used field artillery against the indians, many of whom were unarmed west of the rocky mountains, emigrants on the oregon trail encountered several bands they knew as the snake river indians these were the intermarried. These articles were generously shared by dr jim tompkins (1947-1917), who worked closely with the end of the oregon trail interpretive center in oregon city, oregon.
They followed a route blazed by fur traders, which took them west along the platte river through the rocky mountains via the easy south pass in wyoming and then northwest to the columbia river in the years to come, pioneers came to call the route the oregon trail in 1842, a slightly larger group of 100 pioneers made the 2,000-mile journey to oregon. Oregon trail summary: the 2,200-mile east-west trail served as a critical transportation route for emigrants traveling from missouri to oregon and other points west during the mid-1800s travelers were inspired by dreams of gold and rich farmlands, but they were also motivated by difficult economic times in the east and the diseases like yellow fever and malaria that were decimating the midwest around 1837.
White emigrants of the overland trail era are often credited with disrupting native american societies, causing sweeping changes in in their cultures, and precipitating wars this is not entirely untrue, but the oregon trail was merely one chapter in a much longer history. The oregon trail began as a fur traders' route across the great plains in 1824 with the discovery of south pass through the rocky mountains the pack trains and, later, the wagon caravans that supplied the mountain rendezvous started up the trail from independence and westport landing in the present-day kansas city area. Travel on the oregon trail began in 1843 the trail was over 2000 miles long 15 miles was considered a good distance in one day.
The enthusiasm for the oregon trail as a state icon prompted 1852 trail emigrant ezra meeker to retrace his route west in reverse, driving his ox-drawn wagon from olympia, washington, to iowa in 1906 and again in 1911 to promote the preservation of oregon trail sites and history. Start studying oregon territory, gold rush, & westward expansion learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools name four trails that emigrants took westward they are oregon, california, mormon, and santa fe.
Numerous other trails followed the oregon trail for much of its length, including the mormon trail from illinois to utah the california trail to the gold fields of california and the bozeman trail to montana.
During the spring, the rain would make the rivers swell, travelers would risk their lives floating across the rivers in the summer, they faced blistering heat in the fall, there was a danger of early snow that could block mountain passes.
They followed a route blazed by fur traders, which took them west along the platte river through the rocky mountains via the easy south pass in wyoming and then northwest to the columbia river in. The oregon trail, the longest of the overland routes used in the westward expansion of the united states, was first traced by explorers and fur traders for traveling to the oregon country the main route of the oregon trail stopped at the hudson's bay company fort hall , a major resupply route along the trail near present-day pocatello and where the california trail split off to the south. The oregon trail spanned over half the continent as the wagon trail proceeded 2,170 miles (3,500 kilometers) west through territories and land later to become six us states (missouri, kansas, nebraska, wyoming, idaho, and oregon.